METHOD (OR MADNESS?)
"Achilles can never overtake the tortoise..."
Attributed to Parmenides
"If you do not expect the unexpected you will not discover it; for it cannot be tracked down and offers no passage."
Heracleitus B18 quoted in Clement "Miscellanies" II iv 17-8)
"All scientific truths are necessarily and universally true and deal with the general not the particular. Human knowledge of these scientific truths is based on repeated sense experiences which reason allows a universal to form in the mind."
Aristotle "Posterior Analytics"
"Confirmation of scientific truths requires the use of incontestable forms of argument. A small class of logically valid arguments, the categorical syllogisms, can be used to confirm the truth of scientific propositions."
Aristotle "Prior Analytics"
"But come, observe with every device in the way in which each thing is clear: neither hold sight higher in trust than hearing or resounding hearing above the clarities of tongue, nor let any of the other limbs by which thought has a way be deprived of trust, but think in the way in which each thing is clear."
Empedocles B 2.1-8 Quoted in Sextus Empiricus "Against the Mathematicians" VII 125
"I made strenuous efforts on behalf of the preservation of the free choice of the human will, but the grace of God defeated me."
Augustine "Confessions Book 8"
"I resolved to pretend that everything that had ever entered my mind was as false as the figments of my dreams."
Descartes "Meditations on First Philosophy"
"I have taken all knowledge to be my province."
Francis Bacon "The Great Instauration"
"As the science of man is the only solid foundation for the other sciences, so the only solid foundation we can give this science itself must be laid on experience and observation."
David Hume Introduction to "A Treatise of Human Nature"
"All that we know comes from sense experience, and from reflection upon experience."
John Locke "Essay Concerning Human Understanding"
"Appearances are to be regarded as being, one and all, representations only, not things-in-themselves... time and space are therefore only sensible forms of our intuition, not determinations as existing by themselves..."
Kant "Critique of Pure Reason" A 369
"Each of our leading conceptions, each branch of our knowledge, passes through three different theoretical conditions: the theological or fictitious, the metaphysical or abstract, the scientific or positive. This fundamental law should henceforth be, in my opinion, the starting point of all philosophical researches about man and society."
Comte "Cours de Philosophie Positive"
"The mind and only the mind is a being in itself and for itself; it is autonomous and capable of being handled in a rational, genuinely and thoroughly scientific way... Thus the science of nature presupposes the science of the mind."
Edmund Husserl "Philosophy and the Crisis of European Man"
"The correct method in philosophy would really be the following: to say nothing except what can be said, ie. the propositions of natural science - ie. something that has nothing to do with philosophy."
Ludwig Wittgenstein "Tractatus"
"The anthropologist goes forward, seeking to attain, through the conscious, of which he is always aware, more and more of the unconscious."
Claude Lévi-Strauss in introduction to "Structural Anthropology"
"Such is how I view myself, a traveller, an archaeologist of space, trying in vain to restore the exotic."
Claude Lévi-Strauss "Tristes Tropiques" 44
"No society, no cohabitation can be pleasant or lasting without folly..."
Erasmus "Praise of Folly"
"The truth can be spoken only by one who rests in it."
Ludwig Wittgenstein "Notebooks"
"The first thing travel has now to show us is the filth, our filth, which we have thrown in the face of humanity."
Claude Lévi-Strauss "Tristes Tropiques" 38
"Consent is both the origin and the limit of power."
Claude Lévi-Strauss "Tristes Tropiques"